Native American Village Site in Martinsville/Henry County
Dr. Elizabeth Moore, VMNH Curator of Archaeology, and Jessica Clark, Archaeology Lab Assistant, recently had the opportunity to assist in an archaeological survey at a Native American village site in the Martinsville/Henry County area. Led by William and Mary graduate student Maddy Gunter, a field crew of five excavated two shovel test pits and then started a pedestrian survey. A shovel test pit is a small pit that is excavated to determine the presence of artifacts and how deep the soils are in an area. In a pedestrian survey, archaeologists walk in straight lines at a given interval over a plowed field and mark the location of each spot where an artifact is seen with a bright flag. The artifact density was high enough at this site that we used all of our flags within about 15 minutes. And that was only over about a third of the field! We spotted stone tools, pottery fragments, and charcoal. We look forward to more opportunities to do some fieldwork and learning more about Maddy’s research.