June 19, 2020
White sassafras (Sassafras albidum) is native to the eastern U.S., and it's long been a very important tree for a wide variety of commercial uses. When the English first came to America, they exported sassafras to Europe where it was converted into a drink called "saloop" that was supposed to have medicinal qualities. Sassafras quickly became touted as a cure-all for a wide variety of maladies.
The bark of sassafras contains safrole oil, an aromatic chemical that was used as an additive in everything from toothpaste to root beer until the FDA banned its use in 1960. It's also used in the production of the psychoactive drug MDMA! (I don't know the rest of the ingredients, nor would I share the recipe if I did.) Because the English colonists loved sassafras so much, and because the safrole oil could only be harvested from each tree once, a large number of sassafras trees were culled. In 1602, colonists sent a one ton shipment of sassafras back to England; by 1626, they couldn't even meet a 30 pound quota!
One unusual quality of sassafras is that it has three different distinct leaf shapes, all of which can appear on the same branch! In the attached photo, you'll notice that this small sassafras has leaves with one lobe, two lobes, and three lobes. Keep an eye peeled when you're on a nature walk, as the unique leaf shapes make sassafras fairly easy to spot. #BenInNature
This post brought to you by VMNH Corporate Supporter Bassett Furniture.
ABOUT THIS POST
Social distancing can be difficult, but it presents a great opportunity to become reacquainted with nature. While he is working from home, Administrator of Science Ben Williams is venturing outdoors each day to record a snapshot of the unique sights that can be found in the natural world.
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